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Mosques In Cairo

Al Azhar mosque cairoExplore Medieval Cairo

Cairo is a very large city, it has been founded to be the capital city of the fatimids who ruled over the Islamic empire at the end of the first milinium after Christ. The fatimids built many beautiful mosques inside thier new city, and then the city was fully loaded with many more mosques at the Mamluks and the Ottoman eras. Find below some of these beautiful Cairo mosques. 

Mosque of Ilgay al-Yusufi
During the Mamluk Period, the city of Cairo was the model for all Islamic cities, dazzling the world with its magnificence. The city stood out for its variety and number of buildings, designed for a multiplicity of purposes covering the full... Read more:
The Complex Of Taghri Bardi
The Mosque, madrasa and tomb of Taghri Bardi During the reign of Sultan Barsbay, a Circassian Mamluk, the Amir Taghri Bardi (Taghribardi al-Rumi) was a prominent fellow who led the army that invaded the Crusader kingdom of Cyprus. He is sai... Read more:
The Suleyman Aga El-Silahdar Mosque
The Suleyman Aga El-Silahdar Mosque and "Sabil" dating from 1839 comprise a sabil, medersa and mosque, with a single facade overlooking the street. It is Turkish in design, but the rounded, inscribed marble facade of the sabil conforms to no... Read more:
Sulayman Pasha al-Khadim Mosque
(At the Citadel) Though not the first religious foundation founded in Cairo after the Ottoman conquest, the Mosque of Sulayman (Suleyman) Pasha al-Khadim was, in 1528, the first mosque built by the new rulers. The mosque is located in the no... Read more:
The Mosque of Amir Baha' al-Din Aslam
Also Known as Al-Silhdar (Silahdar) The mosque of Amir Baha' al-Din Aslam al-Silhdar was built by the amir in 1344-5 (745-756). Baha al-Din Aslam was a Mamluk who rose to the rank of silahdar (sword bearer), during the reign of Sultan al-Na... Read more:
The Mosque and Madrasa of Shaykhu
Under Sultan Hasan, in 1354 AD, Amir Sayf al-Din Shaykhu al-Umari rose through the ranks to become Commander-in-Chief and al-Amir al-Kabir, or "Great Prince". He was the first to hold this latter title. However, his personality is said to ha... Read more:
Sayyida Zeinab Mosque
The patron saint of Cairo is Sayyida Zeinab, granddaughter of the Prophet Mohammed (daughter of Aly Ibn Abu Taleb), and her mosque which houses her shrine is located in the As-Sayyida Zeinab Mosque built originally about the time of the Huss... Read more:
The Funerary Complex of Amir Qurqumas
The funerary complex of Amir Qurqumas, dating to 1506-07, adjoins that of Inal to the north. Qurqumas was a Mamluk of Sultan Qaytbay who became grand amir under Sutlan al-Ghuri. He was the commander-in-chief of the armies, or 'amir kabir" at... Read more:
Sangar Salar Mosque and Mausoleum
The Sangar Salar Mosque and Mausoleum was built in 1304 and is located to the west of Sarghatmish Medersa. There are two similar mausoleums, one dedicated to the founder of the mosque, Emir Alam ad-Din Sangar el-Gawli and the other is to his comra... Read more:
The Refa'i Mosque
After visiting the huge mosque of Sultan Hassan last week, I had to visit the other Mosque that lies right beside it, the Refa'i Mosque. Seeing these two mosques from a distance makes one think that they are one mosque split in two. This is ... Read more:
The Complex of Sultan Qala'un
The complex of Sultan Qala'un was built along the Shari' el-Muizz (street) in 1284 by Sultan el-Mansur Qala'um. It comprises a mosque-medersa, a mausoleum and a mauristan (which was replaced by a modern hospital in the 1920s). The complex is... Read more:
The Complex of Sultan al-Ashraf Qaytbay
The funerary & religious complex of Sultan Ashraf Qaitbay. Qaytbay was one of Barsbay's Mamluks. A Mamluk was a slave and Qaytbay was originally purchased for fifty dinars. However, in this strange culture, often one had to begin his life a... Read more:
The Al-Ishaqi Mosque
This exceptional structure lies in the Darb al-Ahmar district next to Suq Al-Silah Street in Cairo, which means the weapon Market Street thought this is not the case. The Darb al-Ahmar street is also sometimes called Darb al-Tabbana and is ... Read more:
The Complex of Sultan al-Ashraf Inal
Inal was once a Mamluk of Sultan Barquq who experienced a distinguished career, rising from Amir Tablkhana (an amir of forty) to governor of Edessa in Syria, chief dawadar and finally to al-amir al-kabir, chief of armies. He finally became S... Read more:
El-Hussein Mosque
The El-Hussein Mosque sits on the site of the cemetery of the Fatimid caliphs. It was entirely rebuilt under the khedive Ismail. Earlier this century the remains of the cemetery were discovered while work was being done on the mosque's found... Read more:
The Sultan Hassan Mosque & Madrasa
The Sultan Hassan Mosque and madrasa (School) is considered stylistically the most compact and unified of all Cairo monuments. The building was constructed for Sultan Hassan bin Mohammad bin Qala'oun in 1256 AD as a mosque and religious scho... Read more:
The Mosque of El-Hakim
Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, literally, "Ruler by God's Command", was known to many by his eccentric dictatorial and eccentric decrees; at one point he declared himself a divine entity, unique among ruler peers over Cairo's medieval ages. Al-Hakim... Read more:
The Mashhad of al-Guyushi (al-Juyushi)
Known as the Mosque of al-Guyushi. One of the oldest Muslim monuments in Egypt sits high up on the plateau of the Muqattam hills overlooking the cemetery of Cairo, as well as Cairo itself. This is the sanctuary of Badr al-Jamali (Badr al-Ga... Read more:
The Funerary Complex of al-Ghuri Madrasa,
Mosque, khanqah, Mausoleum and Sabil-Kuttab. Qansuh al-Ghuri was the next to last Mamluk sultan, and the last to enjoy a reign of any duration between 1500 and 1516 AD. Al-Ghuri (Ghuriya, Ghouri) seems to have been an energetic fellow who w... Read more:
El-Gawhara El-Lala Mosque
The El-Gawhara El-Lala Mosque was built in 1430 and is considered small at only 2,000 square feet. The medersa is ingeniously designed and there is a sabil-kuttab. The mausoleum was built to where every inch of spaced has been used. Read more:


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