There are numerous cities in Egypt, but only Aswan can really depict Egypt’s rich history, beauty, and culture. During ancient times, it served as the country’s southern frontlines and was home to Egypt’s Nubian civilization. Due to its rich environment, Aswan has always played an important part in Egypt’s history, serving as the primary source of valuable construction materials such as limestone, quartzite, and granite since the country’s inception. Many consider it to be one of the most beautiful and important towns in the world due to the numerous monuments found within her arms, which reveal much about prehistorical old times. In the domain of folk art and craft, the city is part of the UNESCO Creative Cities Network.
The Location of Aswan
Upper Egypt is home to Aswan. On the foot of the Nile Valley, 220 kilometers (137 miles) south of Luxor and 890 kilometers (553 miles) south of Cairo. The city’s climate is scorching all year round. It is Cairo’s third-largest city and the largest in Upper Egypt. Because of the construction of the Aswan High Dam, the city’s geographical nature has changed in some areas, resulting in the near-flooding and destruction of many majestic temples such as Abu Simbel and Philae Temple in the 1960s. However, thanks to UNESCO, the temples were saved and transported to a new location in one of the most difficult rescue missions in modern architecture history. The city continues to mysteriously capture people’s attention to this day.
Aswan has one of the driest, warmest, and sunniest climates on the planet, and it is normally highly humid, with average temperatures reaching 40 C (104 F) in the summer from May to September, and 23 C in the winter from October to March (73.4 F).
The History of Aswan
Aswan was originally known as “Swenett” and then “Swan,” both of which mean “market.” The city was situated on the primary trading route between the southern region and Egypt, which was the main provider of gold, ivory, and other commodities. The city also had strong religious ties, as it revered the god Khnum (Deity of the Nile’s Source), who was eventually supplanted by the goddess Isis ( deity of protection magic ). Many stones are available in the city for the construction of giant constructions such as obelisks and even pyramids. The Abu Simbel temple, built by Ramses II in 1244 BC to immortalize his legacy and safeguard his victories, such as the great victory at the Battle of Kadesh in 1224 BC, and show his dedication and devotion to the four gods; Amon, Ptah, Re-Hor-Akhty on February 22nd and October 22nd during the sun festival, and the Philae temple, which became the worship house of Isis in 690 BC, are among the many attractions. The massive Unfinished Obelisk of Hatshepsut is one of the most popular artifacts, and the temple of Kom Ombo on the Nile’s coast was built between 332 and 395 BC to worship Sobek, the Nile’s God. The temple of Edfu also draws attention as the home of the Sky God Horus and the site of Horus’s battle with his wicked uncle Set. Aswan also has a number of hidden and unusual sites, such the St. Simeon Monastery, the Noble Tombs, the Aga Khan Mausoleum, and others.
Aswan Day Tours at Their Finest
All of these historical sites are included in Aswan day tours, which give you the opportunity to see everything the Nubian city has to offer, from breathtaking temples and tombs to ancient marvels, so check out our Aswan day tours and plan your dream vacation.