All of the excavations on the temples and tombs point to ancient Egyptian craftsmen, particularly those dating back to the glory days when the Egyptian economy was booming and the Egyptians had the opportunity to show off their skills and create masterpieces, demonstrating that Egyptians are natural artists. Craftsmen in ancient Egypt were well aware of their extraordinary abilities and skills. They were responsible for the construction of some of the most captivating works of art, which for endless generations highlighted the ancient Egyptian civilization’s brilliance and attractiveness. Because of their extraordinary abilities, these artists were thought to be socially superior to common laborers.
Ancient Egyptian Craftsmen’s Social Value
The great mass of the populace could not afford the bulk of the objects created by the artisans. Their customers were primarily aristocracy or affluent middle-class people who could afford their services and high-quality goods. The prosperity of the craftspeople was also influenced by ancient Egypt’s commerce and trade. When it came to the quality of some items, a social status made all the difference: the affluent had finely carved furniture, while the middle class had to make do with coarsely painted chairs and chests, and the poor had to rely on these materials in excess.
Materials Used by Ancient Egyptian Craftsmen
Stones, clay, wood, fibers, ivory, animal skins, bones, and feathers were the principal materials utilized by ancient Egyptian artisans in Egypt since prehistoric times. Metal was brought into the crafting process later in ancient Egypt’s history; gold was discovered in its metallic condition, silver was used as an adjunct to gold, and ore was utilized when it was smelted; they also used copper, tin, and iron.
The Craftsmen of Ancient Egypt (facts)
Because most Egyptian craftsmen or artisans were hired by pharaohs, the centralized government, or temple priests, they were structured using a hierarchical system. They acquired their trade and art from their past masters, who upheld the principles of Ma’at of balance and maintained stylistic continuation of their heritage of exquisite art items made for the living or the dead. It’s possible that these masters learned from their parents, neighbors, or close relatives. As the builders of Dier el-Medina demonstrated, they worked in a well-organized workshop and special communities. During their time, they were recognized for their achievements and skills, yet they remained nameless. Carpenters, stonemasons, sculptors, builders, weavers, blacksmiths, spinners, dressmakers, glass-blowers, potters, foundry workers, and scribes were among the highly skilled craftsmen in ancient Egypt. Because hardly everyone could have established himself up as an independent artisan, most craftsmen worked as hired laborers for temples or royal organizations.
Tools for Ancient Egyptian Crafts
The carpenters used saws, axes, chisels, bow drills, wooden mallets, chisels, and adzes to construct a broad range of items, from roofing beams to wooden sculptures to furniture, and the wood was brought from Lebanon. Stone hammers and copper chisels were used by the sculptors to shape and polish the stone according to their designs. There were many magnificent and everlasting gigantic or life-size sculptures and stone containers constructed. The mud of the Nile River banks was utilized by brickmakers and potters to create anything the ancient Egyptian society required. The bricks were created by combining Nile mud with sand, slapping it into wooden molds, and drying it in the sun. Potters used the potter’s wheel to create a variety of utilitarian containers, which were then coated in reddish slop or ornamented with a comb or stylus before being burned in kilns. The bead makers were also quite inventive when it came to making jewelry, as they smashed stones together, rolled them between other stones to shape them and make them abrasive, then used a bow drill to cut a hole in the beads, which were then rolled in a receptacle. Egypt has long been recognized for reflecting everlasting old beauty better than anyone else, and there is no better way to savor such beauty than boarding a Nile river cruise on the vital force and inspiration of ancient Egyptian culture with our Egypt vacation packages.