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The Map of Egypt

From Ancient Times to the Present: An Overview of Egypt’s Map

In the course of history, the frontiers of Egypt have expanded and contracted several times, either as a result of changes in ancient Egyptian lifestyles or as a result of foreign conquest or colonization. Historically, the advancement of ancient Egyptian civilization can be traced back to a gifted placement that played a pivotal part in molding the whole culture and history of ancient Egypt, as well as attracting the attention of surrounding countries to the region.

Ancient Egypt Map

A map of ancient Egypt from 3500 BCE

Egyptians have lived on the Nile River for 5000 years, but about 3500 BCE, a great deal changed on the banks of the Nile. They sought to regulate the Nile’s flood and build a sophisticated irrigation system, including dikes and canals, in order to progress the agricultural state. The ancient Egyptians were unsuccessful. This resulted in affluence and the establishment of a hierarchy of officials who went on to achieve greatness in fields like management, architecture, mathematics, and a host of other disciplines. In 3000 BCE, the Egyptians were able to realize their full potential because of the country’s privileged geographical position.

Map of Ancient Egypt from 2500 BCE.

A map of ancient Egypt from 2500 BCE

Following the unification war led by King Menes in 2500 BCE, the ancient monarchy rose to prominence in the narrow valley of the River Nile, and the city of Memphis was designated as the new capital of Egypt. It is estimated that the population increased significantly along the Nile’s banks, which became the site of several ancient towns, including Heliopolis, Abydos, and others. During your Egypt tours, you may see the huge pyramids, which were created as a result of the country’s advantageous geographic location, as well as the city of Memphis. The great pyramids are among the most renowned structures in human history, and you can see them while on your Egypt tours. As the middle kingdom of Egypt (2050-1650 BC) was a period of weakness and division, as well as a decline in the level of management and artistic design, Egypt underwent many changes in 1500 BCE. However, the Ancient Egypt Map 1500 BCE shows that the country had recovered from this period of weakness and division.

A map of ancient Egypt from 1500 BCE

As a direct result of this, the nascent kingdom of Egypt (1550-1070 BC) exerted control over public relations around the Nile Valley from both the east and the west. This period saw the empire grow into Palestine and Syria in the north and Nubia in the south, as well as the Mediterranean region. It was also the time of renowned names such as Tutankhamen, Hatshepsut, and Ramses II the great, as well as the time of construction at the major temple complexes at Luxor and in the Valley of the Kings.

Map of Ancient Egypt During the Persian Period

A map of ancient Egypt from 1000 BCE

A map of ancient Egypt dating back to 500 BCE

A map of Egypt from 500 BCE

Ancient Egypt began to collapse about 1200 BCE and was subjected to a number of invasions, which resulted in the loss of Palestine and Nubia, among other territories. For over two centuries, Egypt served as a province of the Persian Empire after being conquered by it in 525 BCE.

A map of ancient Egypt dating back to the Ptolemaic Period.

A map of Egypt from 200 BCE

During Alexander the Great’s conquest of Egypt in 200 BCE, Egypt fell under the authority of his general Ptolemy and his offspring, including the stunning beauty of the time Cleopatra. After his death in 323, Egypt came under the rule of his descendants, including the stunning beauty of Cleopatra. It was at Alexandria that Egypt’s capital was converted into a new city that became the hub of Hellenistic culture, resulting in the creation of a hybrid Greek-Egyptian civilization.

Egypt’s Map During the Greek Period

30 BCE Map of Ancient Egypt

The Greek period came to an end in 30 BCE with the suicide of Queen Cleopatra, the last native King of ancient Egypt, following the death of her beloved Mark Anthony. This marked the beginning of the end of the Greek period. To ensure that as much grain and gold as possible could be extracted from Egypt, the Roman Empire placed it under the jurisdiction of the distant imperial capital Rome.

Detailed map of ancient Egypt during the reign of the Romans

A map of ancient Egypt from around the year 200 AD

The city of Alexandria rose to prominence under the authority of the Roman empire in 200 CE, and it remained one of the most important cultural centers in the empire’s Greek-speaking regions for the next two millennia. In addition to being a major grain supplier to the imperial capital of Rome, Egypt developed into a significant learning center, producing a large number of contemporary academics as a result of the precious papyrus documents preserved in the ancient Alexandria library or the desert, respectively.

A Map of Ancient Egypt during the Coptic Period (about 500 AD)

A map of Egypt from the Coptic Era – 500 AD


As Egypt’s economic climate came under the influence of a tiny group of extremely rich families about the year 500 CE, a general tendency grew highly prevalent. Following this occurrence, Egypt grew to become a thriving hub of Christian activity, with hundreds of thousands of monks adhering to a monastic lifestyle amid the desert’s difficult circumstances. The Christian communities in Egypt eventually became the most numerous in the world, but they were in conflict with the official church in Constantinople, which despised the notion of monophysite.

Map of Ancient Egypt During the Arab Invasion

A map of ancient Egypt from the year 750 AD

Egypt entered a new period with the Arab invasion in 639 AD, which allowed the Egyptians the right to freedom of religion and, as a result, greeted them as liberators rather than conquerors, heralding the beginning of a new era in Egyptian history. The Arabian presence, which was only limited to the newly erected city of Fustat, had an immediate impact on Egyptian civilization.

Detailed map of ancient Egypt under the Fatimid rule.

Detailed map of ancient Egypt from 979 AD

Egypt during Fatimid authority saw several transformations and was under the jurisdiction of a succession of governors who reported to the caliph in Bagdad, Iraq, and served under the Fatimid rulers. Arabic became the official language of Egypt as a result of the Arabization movement that swept over the country. Many great structures in Cairo, such as the Amr Ibn Alas Mosque, Alazhar Mosque, and Ahmed Ibn Tulan Mosque, were built by Egypt’s Fatimid Dynasty to increase tax revenues and to boost the government’s tax revenues. You can visit these structures as part of a Cairo day tour, as well as other great structures throughout the world.

Egypt’s map under Saladin Ayyubib’s reign.

Detailed map of ancient Egypt from 1215 AD

As a result of commerce across the Red Sea, the Fatimid were able to establish a vast empire, which enabled Egypt to become a major hub for long-distance maritime trade between East and West. Within the middle of the 12th century, a Turkish general by the name of Saladin, who dominated the nation in 1170 AD, built the magnificent Citadel of Cairo. Saladin also captured Jerusalem from the Crusaders in 1187 AD, and his successors continued to rule the city after him.
Mamluks were the rulers of ancient Egypt.

Map of ancient Egypt from the year 1453 AD.

A map of Egypt from 1450 AD

During the reign of Saladin’s descendants, they surrounded themselves with Mamluqs, an army of Turkish slaves who, in 1453 AD, were able to take over the nation and even extend their control into Syria. Even under the Mamluks, Egypt continued to serve as the primary hub of Arabic civilization, and the Mamluks were successful in protecting the empire against the Mongol invasion in 1260. Mosques and bazaars, among other Islamic structures, were constructed during this period.

Map of Ancient Egypt during the Ottoman Empire’s reign.

A map of Egypt from 1650 AD

After the Mamluks were defeated in 1648, the Ottomans took over as the ruling authority. After seizing power, the Ottoman empire placed the Mamluk elite in a position of leadership to assist Egypt in its transition to a modern state of affairs. They were able to contribute significantly to the administration of the province. Despite being marginalized by Egyptian culture and government, the Mamluks were able to establish themselves as essentially the sole rulers of the country during their reign. They defended Egypt’s southern border and maintained their respect for the Ottoman empire’s authority throughout.

Map of Egypt under Muhammad Ali’s reign

A map of Egypt from 1789 AD

Following the decline of the Ottoman Empire’s power in 1798 AD as a result of the rise of European military forces, a Turkish general by the name of Muhammad Ali Pasha was dispatched to take control of the country. However, he had other plans, including the establishment of hundreds of schools, the construction of a powerful western-army to protect Egypt’s borders, and the modernization of the country, all of which were completed by the year 1837 C.E. After inciting a revolt in Greece, he was able to wrest Syria from the Ottoman Empire.
In Transition: Egypt’s Geographic Map According to Mohammad Ali’s ambitions, he would expand his new kingdom beyond Egypt’s boundaries to the point where he would be able to depose the Ottoman authority and replace it with one of his own. After being forced to retreat from his march on Constantinople and give up his claim to Syria in 1841, he was unable to realise his goal, and he was obliged to settle for the position of hereditary ruler of Egypt for himself and his descendants instead of achieving his ambition. It took ten years of Egyptian labor and design by French engineers, under the supervision of the British government, for the Suez canal to be completed and opened to the public in 1869.

Egypt’s map during the British occupation of Egypt

Egypt, 1914 AD. Map of Egypt


Thousands of British troops invaded Egypt in 1914 to put down a nationalist uprising that was threatening the Suez Canal, as well as to fulfill a request from the country’s existing monarch, Ismail, to manage the country’s finances and preserve it from bankruptcy and complete anarchy.

Under Native Rule Egypt Map 1960 AD

A map of Egypt from 1960 AD

Following the end of World War II, the British government withdrew from Egypt in 1947, except the Suez Canal area. After King Farouk ascended to the throne, an agreement was reached on Egypt’s territorial boundaries. Under the leadership of Gamal Abdel Nasser, Egypt was transformed into a republic in 1952. Egypt gained control of the Suez Canal, but not before suffering the effects of British and French soldiers’ actions on the Egyptian side of the waterway. Egypt and Syria joined forces in 1958 to establish the so-called United Arab Republic, which was later abolished.

Egypt’s Map Today

The map of Egypt in the year 2019 AD.

After Egypt reclaimed Sinia from Israel in 1973, under the leadership of the late great leader Muhammad Anwar El Sadat, the map and borders of Egypt were established and accepted by the rest of the world. Egypt remained a moderate state with an authoritarian rule for the foreseeable future. Egypt built a number of resorts, such as Hurghada and Sharm El Sheik (The City of Peace), in the following decades to draw attention to the natural beauty of the Red Sea River. Egypt is considered to be one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world, so if you are planning a trip to Egypt, be sure to look into our Egypt tour packages and Nile river cruises to ensure that you have the holiday of a lifetime!

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