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The Ramesseum Temple

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The Ramesseum Temple

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In 1304-1207 B.C., Ramses II erected the Temple of the Ramesseum as a funeral temple devoted to the God Ra. The majority of the Temple is currently in a state of disrepair or destruction. Two pylons that previously stood near the Temple’s entrance have since collapsed. There is just a colonnaded hall that has survived in the Temple’s initial courtyard.

A huge sculpture of Ramses once stood in front of the remains of the first pylon, weighing more than 1000 tonnes and standing 18 meters tall! The ruins of it can still be seen today. Many other kings, like Mernptah and Ramses III, have overlaid monuments at the Ramesseum.

The Ramesseum Temple of King Ramses II

The Greeks called it the Temple of Memnonium because the huge statue in front of it was linked with Memnon, the son of Aurora, whose mother, Eos, was the goddess of dawn. They also referred to it as “Ozymandias’ tomb,” a term that may have been derived from the ancient Egyptian word “User-Maat-Ra”.

Diodorus, a Roman historian, believed that the Temple was built by the legendary King Ozymandias and that his grave was situated within it. He also goes into great detail about the tomb of Ozymandias, including the inscription on the door that reads: ” “King of Kings, I am Ozymandias. Let him surpass any of my efforts if he wants to know how great I am and where I lay.”

The Temple is 600 feet long and 220 feet wide. The primary entrance to the Temple was on the eastern pylon, which was originally adorned with scenes from the Battle of Kadesh, but it is now in ruins! The inscriptions on the right-wing of the pylon reflect the 118 towns captured by Ramses III during his military expeditions. You’ll also watch footage of captives being brought before the King. The historic battle between Ramses II and the Hittites is shown on the left-wing of the pylon. After that, you’ll enter the first open courtyard, where you’ll see a number of broken sculptures. There was formerly a gigantic statue of Ramses II with the inscription: “My name is Ozymandias, King of Kings: Look upon my works, ye Mighty, and despair”.

There are 29 columns still surviving in the vast hypostyle hall, with the ones in the center being shorter than those on the sides to allow light into the Temple! More scenes from the battle of Kadesh may be seen on the left side.

A much earlier Temple, constructed by Seti I and devoted to the God Amon Ra, may be found to the right of this hall, outside the hypostyle hall’s walls. The second courtyard is in considerably better condition than the first, with two rows of Osiris columns symbolizing Ramses II on both sides. A tiny hypostyle hall further south once housed eight papyrus-bud columns. The astronomy hall is placed here, and it is here that the first 12th-month calendar is depicted. Offering scenes and depictions of Amon Ra’s holy boat are shown in this chamber.

Ramses II is depicted on the western wall, sitting beneath the tree of life, where the God Thoth and the Goddess Seshat are writing his name in the tree’s leaves for long life.
Further west, the remnants of two vestibules lead to a library, linen room, and the badly destroyed shrine devoted to the God Amon Ra.

Ramses II erected a large mud break palace to the south of the Temple, where he resided during his visits to the site. The tiny Temple of Mern-Ptah, Ramses II’s successor, is located to the south of this portion. The renowned Egyptologist William Flinders Petrie excavated this site extensively in 1896.

Petrie discovered a significant Stella here, dubbed the “Israel Stella,” which included the earliest mention of the “Tribe of Israel.” As a result of this, Stella, many archaeologists believe Mern-Ptah was the Pharaoh of the Exodus.

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Thank you Egypt Fun Tours for a most memorable trip. I admit I didn’t do any of the planning (it was all done by my boyfriend) but as you can read in the reviews below Hani (the owner of Egypt Fun Tours) is superbly organized and accommodating with scheduling.

My boyfriend and I, and our dearest mutual friend, booked the 7Days-6Nights tour. In short time, we visited Cairo, Aswan, and Luxor sailing down the down the Nile, pit stopping to see key sites at these location – and so much more!!! We got to know the ancient and modern egypt in depth thanks to Hani’s impressive knowledge. He also enlightened us on the people and their beliefs and went as far as showing us what a typical life looks like. I cannot express the level of personalized service Hani offered us. He was flexible to adapt to our requirements and added sites to our schedule that was not part of the tour simply to ensure we were 100% satisfied with our experience in Egypt.

I went to Egypt practically blind-folded, not knowing what to expect, especially considering the time we had decided to go (December 2020 – we were the first group that Hani met with after months of having to put his tour agency on hold considering the pandemic) yet he managed to surpass all of our expectations. I felt so incredibly lucky for us to have stumbled on Hani. I would recommend Egypt Fun Tours to anyone and everyone. It was truly, HANDS DOWN, the best cultural experience I’ve ever had. You’ll be in the best of hands.

This Review was posted on Tripadvisor

Nille cruise,Luxor and Aswan where amazing sites to see, specially when you have with you the best tour guide in Egypt .Hamada was absolutely fantastic, lots of information and some of them not spoken by others. This guy was not only a simple tour guide for us, he became a good friend also. Was a one in lifetime experience. Highly recommend Fun Tours. Really a great experience.

This Review was posted on Tripadvisor

Hamada was incredible! So knowledgeable and kind. He had information about every item, street corner, and relic we looked at. Any questions we had, he had answers! He even made sure to give us tips while walking through the crowds so that’s we would feel more comfortable when being approached by vendors. Oh and the food?! He took us to the best places! Delicious food!! We tried Egyptian fried chicken, falafel for the first time, the best shawarma in the city (we love food). We even got to meet his beautiful wife and children and try some “French” Egyptian coffee in their home! Truly made friends for life!! We’ve promised to host him and the family when they travel to America for the first time! Such an incredible experience, and Hamada (and family) made it that much more memorable and amazing!

This Review was posted on Tripadvisor

Excellent trip to historic sites with no one else around. We came to see Egypt while most places still had COVID19 fears. The staff at Egypt Fun Tours were professional, safe, and great to deal with. Very helpful, knowledgeable, and entertaining. I feel like I just got a a year of Egyptology in the last week and we had all the sites to ourselves due to COVID19. While people are shutting down and staying home you should feel safe to come explore with Egypt Fun Tours and have the place to yourself.
This Review was posted on Tripadvisor

Trip of a lifetime!! COVID SAFE!! Knowledgeable guide who loves to share the magic of Egypt with tourists. Friendly and accomodating. This company goes to the extreme to make clients feel welcome and help you. Family company who takes good care of their support staff. Must book the 7 night trip which gives you a great feel for all of the history in upper and lower Egypt. The guide is an expert photographer and historian. He knows so much about each site and the culture. You MUST take this guide to teach you all about Egypt!

This Review was posted on Tripadvisor

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