Saladin Citadel in Cairo was founded by Salah Ad-din in 1168, and it was completed by his nephew King Al-Aadel. It is located on a high hill named Moqqattam overlooks the old city of Cairo from the eastern side. Salah Ad-din was the ruler over Egypt for 24 years, he is very well known for his victory against the Crusaders who were defeated in the battle of Hattin. The citadel is a large fortified area, the enclosure wall supported with huge rounded and square archers’ towers.
Salah Ad-Din Citadel in Cairo: Exploring an Iconic Monument of Egypt
The Salah Ad-Din Citadel in Cairo, Egypt, is one of the most remarkable historical monuments in the country, steeped in profound cultural and historical significance. This impressive fortress, also known as the Cairo Citadel, is perched on a hilltop and overlooks the city of Cairo. With its long and storied history, Salah Ad-Din Citadel is a must-visit site for anyone interested in Egyptian history and architecture.
History of Salah Ad-Din Citadel
Commissioned by the Muslim warrior, Salah Ad-din al-Ayyubi, during the time of the Ayyubid dynasty in 1176, Salah Ad-Din Citadel was built to protect the city of Cairo from Crusaders. Thus, serving as an essential defensive monument, it quickly became a symbol of Egyptian power. The citadel underwent several significant changes and renovations over the centuries, making it an impressive structure by incorporating various architectural styles.
The Architecture of The Citadel
The Citadel boasts a unique blend of architectural styles that have evolved with successive occupants. The original structure of the citadel was built during the Fatimid dynasty and was later influenced by the Mamluk and Ottoman era designs. The complex features two principal gates, the Bab al-Azab and the Bab an-Nasr, leading to the upper courtyard. The Salah Ad-din Mosque, situated on a higher elevation, is the most significant structure in the complex and promises unforgettable views of the surrounding areas. The mosque features remarkable geometric patterns and intricate calligraphy that reflect the Ayyubid era’s artistic and architectural styles.
Apart from the Mohamed Ali Mosque, the citadel features numerous other fascinating structures. The Military Museum is one of the most notable attractions in the complex, featuring several exhibits that showcase Egypt’s military history, ancient weapons, uniforms, and medals. The complex also houses several other buildings such as the Suleiman Pasha al-Faransawi Mosque, showcasing impressive Ottoman-style architecture, and the Gawhara Palace, notable for its intricate decorations.
Visiting Salah Ad-Din Citadel
Any visitor to the Citadel is in for a treat as the site offers a unique opportunity to experience Egypt’s rich history and culture firsthand. The complex’s impressive architectural design and historical significance offer an unforgettable learning experience for visitors.
You can start your tour of the Citadel with a visit to the Salah Ad-din Mosque, the most