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Prehistoric Period Artifacts in Civilization Museum (NMEC)

Prehistoric Period 35000 Years Ago

Since man lived in caves and rock shelters, prehistory has witnessed the evolution of humans and their experiences. As a scavenger and hunter, the prehistoric man fashioned stone tools to assist him in meeting his requirements and protect him from harm. Egypt has the world’s earliest known man-made lithic tools, which date back more than two million years. These artifacts support the existence of humans in Egypt, as it was the route used by human migrations from Africa to the ancient world. Man has relied on producing pebble tools from the Eolithic era, which have developed into stone hand-axes over time. According to the nature of the Flintstone’s use, artisans used to slice the edges to remove the flints from the core. The oldest traces of human existence on Egyptian soil may be found there. The earliest known skeleton in Egypt comes from the Qena  Governorate, and it confirms the civic presence in Egypt from prehistoric times to the present.

Nazlet Khater Skeleton

Nazlet Khater Skeleton – NMEC

This skeleton was discovered near Nazlet Khater in the Sohag Governorate. It is for a young guy who lived 35 thousand years ago, and it seems from his bones that he had a distinctive height and a muscular body; one of his stone tools was discovered alongside him, indicating that he was a sane human.

Stone Tools

Stone Tools – NMEC

About two million years ago, the ancient Egyptians created Flintstone stone tools to assist them with their everyday requirements of food, cloth, protection, and to facilitate their way of life. To separate the flints, tools were usually produced by hitting or pounding a specific spot on the surface of a stone or its end with a hammer made of stone, wood, or bone. Sharpened tools from one side were employed as knives, scalpels, or razors, but sharpened tools from both sides became hand axes. As gimlets or arrowheads, pointed implements were employed. Stone tools, on the other hand, continued in use throughout history, becoming more sophisticated or being supplanted by metal ones.

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