Adam and Eve in Ancient Egypt

Adam and Eve in Ancient Egyptian Mythology

It might be new to your ears to hear that Adam and Eve existed in ancient Egyptian mythology. In most known religions, Adam is the first human, and some scholars classify him as the first sane human being. The story of Adam and Eve, as mentioned by the Torah, is present in ancient Egypt, but with different names. Adam is called Atum, and he is the first of creation. The ancient Egyptian believed that Atum created himself by himself and then created air “Shu” and water “Tefnut”, then created heaven “Nut” and earth “Geb”, who gave birth to four people, namely Osiris, Isis, Set, and Nephthys. Adam is called Atum, and he is the first of creation. If we follow the story of the creation according to the ancient Egyptian, we will find that the father of the four human beings is Atum “Adam” who came first, and then the four human beings “his children”, who are Osiris, Isis, Set, and Nephthys. Then the story continues and we find that Seth killed Osiris because of jealousy, and this part of the story relates to the story of Abel and Cain in the Torah.

Adam and Eve
King Ramses II burning incense for god Atum “Adam” – from Abydos temple

There is no doubt that the ancient story of the beginning of the creation that is written on the temples in ancient Egypt is certainly the same as the story of Adam and Eve and their children, and we cannot deal with the two stories as just a similarity in events or names, but when we look at the heart of the story and its message, we find that it is the same story. This only means one thing, which is that what we sanctify today was the sanctity of the ancient Egyptian and many ancient civilizations as well.

Adam and Eve
King Ramses II in the attendance of God Atum “Adam” – from Abydos temple

The Ennead “the holy ninth” was a group of nine deities in Egyptian mythology worshiped at Heliopolis: God Atum “son of supreme god”; his children Shu and Tefnut; their children Geb and Nut; and their children Osiris, Isis, Seth, and Nephthys. The holy Ennead sometimes includes the son of Osiris and Isis, Horus.

Adam and Eve
The Ennead of ancient Egypt worshipped at Heliopolis

The ancient Egyptian respected the forces of evil and sanctified them, and Seth is considered an evil deity in the ancient Egyptian faith, who triumphed over good in the first battles when he killed his brother Osiris and cut his body into 15 pieces, but at this point the eternal war between good and evil did not end. Later, Isis will give birth to a savior “Horus” who will fight and defeat the evil Seth.

Horus fighting with his uncle Seth – Edfu temple

From the contemporary point of view, the ancient Egyptian worshiped evil and good together in a contradiction that seems strange and illogical, but with a deep look at the ancient Egyptian religion, we find that the ancient Egyptians did not worship the forces of evil, but they confronted and controlled it. If you are interested in viewing these details with your own eyes in Egypt, please consider a visit to Egypt and make sure you visit these temples:

  • Abydos temple of King Seti first and King Ramses II
  • Dendara temple of goddess Hathor
  • Edfu temple of Horus
  • Philae temple of goddess Isis

Tours feature these temples to get to see the story of Adam and Eve in ancient Egypt:

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